Questions 150 to 151
This section looks at why priests have the authority to forgive sin, and at the different ways in which our sins are forgiven.
See Your Sins are Forgiven.
The sin against the Holy Ghost which Christ warned us would not be forgiven in heaven or on earth is persistent impenitence, the sin of one who rejects conversion and dies in mortal sin. One guilty of this sin can never obtain forgiveness of God, because at the hour of death he continues to thrust God away from him.
Questions 67 to 70
A closer look at man’s fallen nature due to original sin; our inclination to sin, or reject God, and the knowledge that Jesus Christ is our Redeemer and Savior.
In this passage called The Catholic View of Sin, it gives a quick snapshot of the Church’s teaching on sin; including mortal and venial sin, indulgences and then focuses some important issues;
Catholic theology divides the punishment for sin into two parts: eternal and temporal (‘temporal’ in this context means lasting only for a limited period of time). Normally, the eternal punishment for sin can be remitted through the Sacrament of Reconciliation, as we saw above. However, the church maintains that there is still a temporal punishment to be borne, as all sin is an affront to God. This then leads to the idea of Purgatory as a place where unremitted sin can be removed in the afterlife.
Original sin as looked at in Theology of the Body;
As an expression and symbol of the covenant with God broken in man’s heart, the tree of the knowledge of good and evil delimits and contrasts two diametrically opposed situations and states: that of original innocence and that of original sin, and at the same time man’s hereditary sinfulness which derives from it. However, Christ’s words, which refer to the “beginning,” enable us to find in man an essential continuity and a link between these two different states or dimensions of the human being.
Here is the full text of Pope Benedict XVI’s quotation in this question also.
From Sins of Omission by Archbishop, Cardinal Henry Edward Manning;
Every day of your life pray God to give you light to see yourselves just as He sees you now: to show you what sin is in all its hideousness, in all its subtlety, and to show you those secret sins which now you do not see in yourselves. Every day of your life ask this of God. Remember the young man who came to our Lord, and asked what he should do to inherit the kingdom of Heaven. Our Lord said: “Sell all thou hast and give to the poor, and come and follow me.” (Matt. 19:21).
A great discussion on salvation: Defining Salvation and its 4 Individual Aspects: Sanctification, Redemption, Forgiveness, and Justification
Also, here from the encyclical on the Redeemer of Man;
The Church’s fundamental function in every age and particularly in ours is to direct man’s gaze, to point the awareness and experience of the whole of humanity towards the mystery of God, to help all men to be familiar with the profundity of the Redemption taking place in Christ Jesus. At the same time man’s deepest sphere is involved-we mean the sphere of human hearts, consciences and events.
• What is Phenomenology?
See: Philosophy: Edith Stein & the call of the philosophical life
• What is Postmodernism?
See: 7 characteristics of postmodernism in Generation Y